Saturday, February 19, 2011

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF BREASTFEEDING?

 Hai semua, baru hari ni berkesempatan mem'paste' maklumat breastfeeding kat blog ni. So hari ni ummi nak berkongsi beberapa term atau pengertian penyusuan susu ibu, ni amik dari site momslittleones.com.

 Ya kita boleh menambah pengetahuan tentang apakah sebenarnya penyusuan ibu secara ekslusif tersebut. Jom kita baca! ;)  

MIRIAM LABBOK, MD, MPH, IBCLC
from BREASTFEEDING ABSTRACTS, February 2000, Volume 19,
Number 3, pp. 19-21.

International Definitions
Two newer sets of internationally recognized definitions of various
breastfeeding terms predominate today in research and program design.
One addresses the maternal/infant parameters that affect so many of the
health outcomes and management issues associated with breastfeeding,
while the second deals primarily with infant nutritional intake.
IGAB Consortium Definitions

The agreed-upon definitions are:

Exclusive breastfeeding: No other liquid or solid from any
other source enters the infant ’s mouth.(Penyusuan secara ekslusif ialah: Tiada cecair atau bahan pejal dari sumber selain susu ibu yang dimasukkan ke mulut bayi. Maksudnya hanya pemberian susu ibu ibu semata-mata tidak diberikan sama ada air masak, susu formula dan sebagainya)

Almost exclusive: Allows occasional tastes of other liquids,
traditional foods, vitamins, medicines, etc. (pemberian susu ibu dan bercampur juga dengan pemberian pelbagai cecair berperasa yg lain spt: makanan tradisional, vitamin, ubat-ubatan)

Full breastfeeding: Includes exclusive and almost
exclusive.

Full breast-milk feeding (or fully breast-milk fed): The
infant receives expressed breast milk in addition to
breastfeeding.(bayi diberi susu ibu perahan untuk meneruskan penyusuan)

Partial: Mixed feeding, designated at high, medium, or low.
Methods for classification suggested include percentage of
calories from breastfeeding, percentage of feeds that are
breastfeeds, etc. Any feeding of expressed breast milk would
fall under this category.

Token: Minimal, occasional breastfeeds (for comfort or with
less than 10 percent of the nutrition thereby provided.)



WHO Breastfeeding Definitions (pengertian penyusuan mengikut World  Health Organisation)

The WHO/UNICEF definitions are:

Breastfeeding: The child has received breast milk direct
from the breast or expressed.(Bayi disusukan dengan susu ibu sama ada secara terus dari payudara ibu atau secara pemberian susu perahan)

Exclusive breastfeeding: The infant has received only
breast milk from the mother or a wet nurse, or expressed
breast milk, and no other liquids or solids with the exception
of drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, mineral
supplements, or medicines. (Bayi hanya diberikan susu ibu sama ada dari ibu atau ibu susuan, atau diberi secara perahan (susu ibu yg diperah)  dan tidak sama sekali diberikan cecair lain atau makanan pejal lain tapi pengecualian kpd pemberian beberapa titis sirap vitamin, mineral suplemen atau ubat-ubatan )

Predominant breastfeeding :The infant ’s predominant
source of nourishment has been breast milk. However, the
infant may also have received water and water-based drinks
(sweetened and flavored water, teas, infusions, etc.), fruit
juice; oral rehydration salts solution (ORS), drop and syrup
forms of vitamins, minerals and medicines, and ritual fluids
(in limited quantities). With the exception of fruit juice and
sugar water, no food-based fluid is allowed under this
definition.

Full breastfeeding: Exclusive breastfeeding and
predominant breastfeeding together constitute full
breastfeeding.

Complementary feeding: The child has received both
breast milk and solid or semi-solid food.

Bottle-feeding: The child has received liquid or semi-solid
food from a bottle with a nipple/teat.


sumber dari: http://momslittleones.com/shop/download/THE_DEFINITIONS_OF_BREASTFEEDING.pdf
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