Sunday, October 30, 2011

Ifwat 6 bulan

Avent steamer and blender
Lama jugak ummi tidak menjenguk ke sini, dek sibuk di website dotcom ummi yg satu lagi. Website ummi tu kena hack...itu lah yg membuatkan ummi berlama-lama di sana, sampai tidak sempat mengemaskini blog ini. Ekceli alhamdulillah Ifwat ummi sudah pun enam bulan, dan sudah mula makan. Untuk Ifwat ni Ummi agak mudah sedikit menyediakan makanannya sebab ummi ada pembantu yg memudahkan kerja (dalam gambar) ianya sangat mudah - kita steam makanan tu lepas tu kita blend, gerenti tidak sampai setengah jam pun!! hehe

ok kat bawah ni pula gambar baby ifwat 5 hari sebelum umurnya genap 6 bulan pada 21 oktober 2011

ifwat dalam ssc snuggbaby

grr...sejuk dalam bilik kat homestay di kundasang


sempat lagi kena dukung ngan akak yg dari semenanjung masa pg naik canopy ;)

kakak sofwa dan kakak kaisah yg kepenatan mendaki bukit..fuhhhh ;)

Saturday, October 15, 2011

Diet for a healthy breastfeeding mom

Many new moms wonder what breastfeeding means for their diet. You probably don't need to make any major changes to what you eat or drink while you're nursing, though there are a few important considerations to keep in mind:

Eat a well-balanced diet for your health

Video

How to use a breast pump

Learn about the different types of breast pumps, the basics of how they work, and the right way to use a breast pump.
One of the wonders of breast milk is that it can meet your baby's nutritional needs even when you're not eating perfectly. (However, if you eat a diet that's too low in calories or that relies on one food group at the exclusion of others, this could affect the quality and quantity of your milk.)
Just because your baby won't be harmed by occasional dietary lapses on your part doesn't mean that you won't suffer, though. When you don't get the nutrients you need from your diet, your body will draw on its reserves, which can eventually become depleted. Also, you need strength and stamina to meet the physical demands of caring for a new baby.
Many moms feel extra hungry while breastfeeding, which makes sense – your body is working around the clock to make breast milk for your baby. Eating small meals with healthy snacks in between (the way you may have done during pregnancy) is a good way to keep your hunger in check and your energy level high.

Don't count calories

Breastfeeding Problem Solver

Find solutions to a variety of breastfeeding challenges, including nipple pain, low milk supply, and more.
There's no one-size-fits-all answer to how many calories you need to consume as a nursing mom. As a general guideline, most women who are breastfeeding will need about 200 to 500 calories more than moms who aren't – which would mean a minimum of 2,000 to 2,700 calories per day.
Instead of counting calories, follow your hunger as a guide to how much you need to eat.
The exact amount will depend on a number of individual factors, such as your weight, how much exercise you get, how your metabolism works, and how much you're breastfeeding.

Aim for slow and steady weight loss

While some new moms find the weight just seems to fall off while they're breastfeeding, others don't lose much. It all depends on your body, your food choices, your activity level, and your metabolism.
The best plan: Lose your pregnancy weight gradually. Count on taking ten months to a year to return to your pre-pregnancy weight.
And don't even think about trying to lose weight by dieting until two months after your baby is born. A reduced-calorie diet in the first couple of months could zap your energy and hurt your milk supply.
Most women can safely lose 1.5 pounds per week by combining a healthy diet with moderate exercise. Losing weight more rapidly than this can pose a danger to your baby because rapid weight loss releases toxins that are normally stored in your body fat into the bloodstream – and into your milk.
A sudden, large drop in your calorie intake can affect your milk supply – so don't do any one-day diets for quick weight loss! If you're losing more than 1.5 pounds a week after the first six weeks, you need to take in more calories.

Include a variety of healthy foods

Variety and balance are key to a healthy diet. A balanced diet – which means eating a mix of carbohydrates, protein, and fat at meals – will keep you feeling full longer and supply the nutrients your body needs. Complex carbs like whole grains and cereals and fresh fruits and vegetables not only provide more nutrition than processed starches and sugars, they provide longer-lasting energy.
Variety across all food groups is important so you can get all the vitamins you and your baby need over time. So mix it up – try to eat something today that you didn't eat yesterday.

Choose good fats

When it comes to fat, think mono- and polyunsaturated fats – "healthy fats" like canola oil, olive oil, and fatty fish like salmon, as well as avocado, olives, nuts, and seeds. Limit saturated fats and avoid trans fats, both of which are considered unhealthy. They show up in high-fat meats, whole milk, tropical oils (such as palm kernel and coconut), butter, and lard. Saturated fats and trans fats are both listed on the nutrition facts label.
In addition to being bad for your diet, your intake of these unhealthy fats can alter the fat composition of your breast milk and aren't good for your baby's health. They can decrease the production of omega-3s, long-chain polyunsaturated fats that are important for infant growth and development.
While we don't know the long-term effects of unhealthy fats on infant cardiovascular health, we do know that in adults they've been shown to negatively affect heart health by raising levels of LDL (bad cholesterol), lowering HDL (good cholesterol), and increasing signs of inflammation as well as boosting the risk of heart attack and death from heart disease.

Take extra steps to avoid contaminants

It's a good idea to try to minimize your exposure to contaminants in your food (and your environment) while you're nursing. Pesticides and insecticides and other chemicals that you ingest can make their way to your breast milk. Although research is ongoing, we know that environmental chemicals could have an impact on your baby's long-term health. Here are some tips for limiting your exposure:
  • Eat a variety of foods. If you eat large quantities of one food – and it happens to be high in pesticides – your intake of pesticides will be higher than if that food is one of many you eat.
  • Know which fruits and vegetables are highest in pesticides and choose organic options or wash them very well or peel them. The "dirty dozen" that tested highest for pesticides as of 2010, according to the Environmental Working Group, were celery, peaches, strawberries, apples, blueberries, nectarines, bell peppers, spinach, cherries, kale/collard greens, potatoes, and imported grapes. The fruits and vegetables that tested lowest in pesticide residues were onions, avocado, sweet corn, pineapple, mangos, sweet peas, asparagus, kiwi, cabbage, eggplant, cantaloupe, watermelon, grapefruit, sweet potato, and honeydew melon.
  • Choose produce that's in season in your area, and purchase local produce when you can. Produce that travels long distances often has more pesticides.
  • Choose lean meats, and remove the skin and extra fat before cooking. Chemicals are stored in fat.
  • Consider drinking filtered water while breastfeeding. While the EPA requires that all tap water meet certain standards, small amounts of many chemicals are found in tap water.

Eat fish - but be picky

It's important to eat a variety of sources of protein while you're nursing – including fish. The American Heart Association recommends fish for a heart-healthy diet.
Some fish (especially cold water fish) also contain DHA and EPA, omega-3 fats that play an important role in brain and eye development that continues during your baby's first year. (Your baby will get these omega-3s from your breast milk.)
Not only does DHA help your baby, but it helps you too. One study found that moms who have lower breast milk levels of DHA, as well as lower seafood consumption, are more likely to develop postpartum depression.
Eat up to 12 ounces of most types of fish and seafood per week, including salmon, shrimp, lake trout, tilapia, catfish, crab, pollack, and scallops. However, some types of fish contain contaminants that can be harmful to pregnant and nursing women and children.
The Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Agriculture advise not eating four specific types of fish because they contain high levels of mercury: shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish. Solid white or albacore tuna tends to be higher in mercury than other types of canned tuna. If you eat solid white or albacore tuna, limit your intake to 6 ounces per week.
Other experts and advocacy groups are even more cautious, expanding the list of fish to avoid. Read more about eating fish when you're breastfeeding.

Go easy on the alcohol

If you time it right, an occasional drink probably won't cause your breastfeeding baby any harm, but in general you may want to hold off on drinking alcohol while you're breastfeeding. Alcohol does enter your breast milk, and having as little as one drink may affect your milk letdown reflex.
Studies show that babies consume less milk in the four hours after Mom consumes an alcoholic beverage. Babies may become drowsy and fall asleep more quickly after their breastfeeding mom drinks alcohol, but they also sleep for a shorter amount of time. (And of course heavy drinking will render you unable to safely care for your baby.)

If you're going to enjoy an occasional alcoholic beverage, keep in mind that it takes two to three hours for your body to eliminate the alcohol in one serving of beer or wine. Specific time frames depend on your size and how much you drink, of course, but the more you drink, the longer it takes – which means that you might want to time that toast for right after a feeding session.
Alcohol isn't stored in breast milk – instead, the level increases and decreases just as it does in your bloodstream – so "pumping and dumping" (using a breast pump to empty your breasts and then throwing out the collected milk) serves no purpose.
Drink water with your alcoholic drink, and eat before or while you drink, to help lower the amount of alcohol in your blood and your milk.

Drink plenty of water and limit caffeine

When you're breastfeeding, your body needs about 16 cups of total fluid a day (this includes fluid within the foods you eat, like fruits and vegetables). There's no need to keep a tally of your liquid intake, though. A good rule of thumb is to drink to thirst – that is, drink whenever you feel the need. If your urine is light colored, it's a good sign that you're well hydrated.
Speaking of fluids, it's okay to have your morning cup of coffee while breastfeeding if you like, but don't overdo it. A small amount of caffeine winds up in your breast milk. It can accumulate in your baby's system because he can't easily break down and excrete it.
Most experts suggest that nursing moms limit their consumption of caffeine (including coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, chocolate, and coffee ice cream) to no more than 300 mg per day, which is about as much as you'd get in a 12-ounce cup of coffee. Check out our caffeine chart to see how much caffeine is in popular beverages and foods.

Consider the flavors of what you eat and drink

Most nursing moms can eat a wide variety of foods while nursing – including spicy foods – without any objection from their baby. In fact, some experts suggest that babies enjoy a variety of flavors in their breast milk. Eating your favorite foods while you're nursing gives your baby a "taste" of your diet and may help him be more accepting of different foods once he starts eating solids.
But some moms swear that certain foods – like broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, dairy products, chocolate, citrus, garlic, or chili pepper – make their breastfed baby gassy or irritable. If your baby seems consistently uncomfortable after you eat a particular food, then by all means avoid it to see if your baby is happier.
In rare instances, your baby may be allergic to something you've eaten. If this is the case, you may see a reaction on his skin (rash or hives), in his breathing (wheezing or congestion), or in his stools (green or mucousy).

Keep taking your vitamins

It's a good idea to continue taking your prenatal vitamin while you're breastfeeding – at least for the first month or so. After that, you can switch to a regular multivitamin and mineral supplement or stay on your prenatal vitamin, depending on your individual needs. (You can discuss this with your healthcare provider at your first postpartum visit.)
A supplement doesn't take the place of a well-balanced diet, but it can provide some extra insurance, especially on those days when taking care of your new baby keeps you from eating as well as you'd like.
In addition to your prenatal vitamin or multivitamin, consider the following supplements:
Calcium: While your prenatal vitamin or multivitamin may have small amounts of calcium, you'll need some supplemental calcium if you're not eating at least three daily servings of calcium-rich foods (like milk and other dairy products, canned fish, or calcium-fortified foods like cereals, juices, soy and rice beverages, and breads).
The recommended dose for women before, during, and after pregnancy is 1,000 milligrams (mg) daily. Don't exceed 2,500 mg daily from all sources. Exceeding this safe upper limit can lead to kidney stones, hypercalcemia, and renal insufficiency syndrome. It can also interfere with your body's absorption of iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D is important for bone growth and overall health. It helps your body absorb calcium, and research suggests it may also reduce the risk of osteoporosis, high blood pressure, cancer, diabetes, and several autoimmune diseases.
Sun exposure helps your body produce vitamin D, but many women don't get enough sun (especially in the winter and with the use of sunscreen) to make adequate amounts – and experts feel the small amount found in food might not be enough. The best way to know whether you've been getting enough vitamin D is to have your blood tested.
While you're breastfeeding, the National Academy of Sciences recommends that you receive 200 IU (5 micrograms) of vitamin D daily. The Academy also states that the 400 IU contained in many postnatal vitamin supplements is not excessive. (In fact, many experts believe these recommendations are low, and the Academy is in the process of reviewing its vitamin D guidelines. Bruce Hollis, professor of pediatrics at the Medical University of South Carolina, who has researched vitamin D needs, recommends that lactating women take a supplement of 6,000 IU of vitamin D daily, for example.)
By the way, because breast milk doesn't supply an adequate amount of vitamin D, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that breastfed babies (either exclusively breastfed or those drinking less than 17 ounces of formula daily) receive a supplement of 200 IU (5 micrograms) of vitamin D each day too. Talk to your baby's doctor about a vitamin D supplement.
Vitamin D is important for bone development and the prevention of rickets in children. Experts think that getting enough vitamin D in childhood may also help prevent the development of certain conditions, like osteoarthritis, later in life.
DHA: The DHA content of your breast milk depends on your diet, particularly on whether you eat fish. So if your diet doesn't regularly contain a few servings of cold water fish every week, or other foods containing DHA (like specialty eggs containing DHA or other DHA-fortified foods), you might consider a supplement.
The Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids (a group of experts who deal with the health effects of dietary fats) recommends 200 mg of DHA per day during pregnancy and lactation.

Daily food and meal plans for breastfeeding moms

Chart of daily food group servings for breastfeeding moms.
Sample meal plans for breastfeeding moms.
 (sumber: babycenter.com)

Monday, October 10, 2011

SnuggBaby ssc..will be mine..insyaAllah

Layan gambar ja dulu ssc ni da on the way ke Beaufort :)

Dandy Damask Black on Black Nox

Sunday, October 9, 2011

Gambar terbaru Baby 'Ifwat

tengok lampu bha hehe

senyum sama baba nya lah tu hehe tukang amik gambar :)

angan2 mo drive ni ummie hehe

kakak kaisah, cacau botol ku hehe

hihi ehm..landing time..
 Agak lama juga ummi tidak letak gambar anak-anak kan?, haa ni lah gambar terbaru ifwat, masa ni umurnya 5 bulan seminggu

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Nursing During Pregnancy and Tandem Nursing

Nursing During Pregnancy and Tandem Nursing
by Anne Smith, BA, IBCLC
The AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recommends exclusively breastfeeding your baby for the first six months of life, with no solids or supplements, and continuing to nurse throughout the first year of life and beyond. During the period of exclusive breastfeeding, it is very unlikely that you will become pregnant. However, as more and more mothers recognize the advantages of long-term nursing and natural weaning, more of them will become pregnant while they are nursing their baby.
The mother facing the decision of whether to wean or continue nursing during her pregnancy often has mixed emotions, and may get conflicting advice from friends, family, and health care providers. The most common concern is whether continuing to breastfeed will put the expected baby at risk in some way. There is no evidence to suggest that nursing while pregnant endangers the fetus during a normal pregnancy. If a mother has previously delivered a premature baby, develops signs of pre-term labor, or is carrying multiples, there is concern that a hormone released during lactation (oxytocin) may stimulate contractions and trigger a premature labor. In these special situations, mothers are often advised to wean their older child. Research suggests that the uterus is not receptive to hormonal stimulation from oxytocin until around 24 weeks gestation, so it is generally safe to consider nursing until about 20 weeks, even in these special situations. There is almost never a need to wean abruptly during pregnancy.
The mother who is deciding whether to continue nursing during her pregnancy has several factors to consider: her medical history, her physical and emotional comfort level, the nursing child's age, and his need to nurse. If the pregnancy is progressing normally, then the decision of whether to continue to breastfeed is more an individual 'parenting' decision rather than a 'medical' decision.
There is no evidence that nursing during a pregnancy will cause miscarriage during the early months. Miscarriage occurs spontaneously in about 16-30 percent of all pregnancies, so it will sometimes happen while a mother is nursing. The nursing mother should not add the burden of guilt to the pain of losing a baby to miscarriage.
Nursing during pregnancy will not deprive the fetus of essential nutrients, and will not create a harmful "drain" on the mother's body. During pregnancy, it is always important to eat nutritiously, gain weight appropriately, and get adequate rest. A well-nourished mother should have no problem providing enough nutrients for both her unborn baby and her nursing child. Breastfeeding provides several opportunities each day for the expectant mother to take breaks and rest while her toddler nurses or naps.
Due to hormonal changes, most mothers will experience some degree of nipple soreness during pregnancy, which can make nursing very uncomfortable. Nipple soreness is the most common reason given for weaning during pregnancy. The soreness usually is most pronounced during the early months of pregnancy. Since the cause of the soreness is hormonal, there is no real treatment other than time. Some mothers find relief by reducing the time the baby spends at the breast, limiting nursing sessions to nap and bed-time, and others find that reminding the toddler to "open wide" while latching on may reduce soreness.
During pregnancy, most mothers' milk supply will decrease due to hormonal changes. During the second trimester, the milk will begin to change to colostrum. Both the quantity and the taste of the milk change dramatically during this time, and many babies will wean themselves when the milk changes. If you are nursing a baby younger than 6 months when you become pregnant, you will need to carefully monitor his growth and weight gain, and supplemental feedings may be necessary. Older babies who are eating solids will usually show an increased appetite for other foods as your milk supply decreases.
Some babies don't seem to care whether they are getting a lot of milk when they nurse. That's where the emotional component of breastfeeding becomes a factor. Babies vary in their need for oral satisfaction, physical contact, closeness to mother, and willingness to have those needs met in ways other than nursing.
Some toddlers continue to find breastfeeding very important all the way through the pregnancy and after the birth of the new baby as well. Nursing siblings who are not twins is called "tandem nursing". In our culture, this concept is unusual, although other in many other cultures it is a common practice. It is not unusual to have mixed feelings about nursing during pregnancy or tandem nursing. Negative feelings are common, due to physical discomfort and fatigue, as well as feeling "touched out" after nursing for so many months. For the mother who finds herself resenting the older baby's demands, and has difficulty focusing enough attention on the new baby, weaning may be the best choice. She should try to wean gradually, nursing the new baby when the toddler is occupied with other things, and substituting special activities and snacks for nursings. Dads can be a big help with this process.
When they choose to tandem nurse, many mothers find that a unique closeness develops between their nursing siblings. Sharing at the breast can reduce the jealously and sibling rivalry that often accompanies the arrival of a new baby.
Because the older child is receiving nourishment from foods other than breastmilk, the newborn should be allowed to nurse first, ensuring that he gets lots of colostrum. Nursing a toddler can help relieve engorgement. Because the toddler will nurse more vigorously than the infant, the mother may find that she produces an oversupply of milk. If this occurs, and the newborn chokes when attempting to nurse, she may want to let the toddler nurse briefly before putting the new baby on the breast. Within a short period of time, the milk supply will adjust to the needs of the two siblings, just as it would if the mother were nursing twins or triplets. The two nurslings can be fed at the same time, or separately - whatever works best for you.
There are no special concerns about hygiene. The nipple secretes an enzyme that reduces bacterial counts, and breastfed babies are born with immunities to most germs found in their home environment. Most germs involved in common illnesses are contagious for days before symptoms appear, so tandem nursers have been exposed by the time you know one of them is ill. If you are dealing with a serious illness, one that is very contagious, or thrush, you may want to limit each child to one breast temporarily.
Sometimes a toddler who was weaned before the new baby's arrival will decide that he wants to nurse again. Often a discussion of how he used to nurse, but now he's a "big boy" and can eat grown up food, will suffice. If he is insistent about it, it is probably best to let him try. Most of the time toddlers who have weaned have forgotten how to nurse, and will lose interest quickly. Allowing him to nurse until he feels more secure about his new position in the family can be a good idea.
Tandem nursing is not for everyone. If it is not working out well, mothers should wean the older child without feeling guilty about it. It is important to give the older baby lots of extra cuddling and attention so that he knows that although he is losing the comfort and security of the breast, he is not losing his mother's love.
If a mother does choose to tandem nurse, she can find it very gratifying for everyone involved. Knowing that she nursed her baby until he outgrew the need is a very rewarding feeling, and can result in increased security and self-esteem in the child who weans when he is ready to move on to the next stage of his development, and not just because his mother became pregnant.
----
 



About the Author: Anne is an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant and La Leche League Leader with nearly 25 years experience working with nursing mothers. As a mother of 6 breastfed children, she has lots of firsthand experience in addition to technical knowledge. For information on a wide variety of breastfeeding topics, as well as quality nursing products, visit her website at www.Breastfeeding-Basics.com.
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...